ANNIVERSARIES
January February March April May June July August September October November December
JANUARY
1 Charles II crowned at Scone 1651.  James the old pretender died 1766.  Union of Great Britain and Ireland 1801.  205 people died when the "Iolaire" sank off Stornoway 1919. United Kingdom joined European Community 1973.
2 66 people were killed when barrier crashed at Rangers v Celtic football match at Ibrox 1971
3 Edwin Muir, poet and critic died 1959
4 First practical steamboat, "Charlotte Dundas"  made its maiden trip on Forth and Clyde canal 1803.
5
6 A(rchibald) J(ohn) Cronin, author died 1981
7 Papal bull for the foundation of Glasgow University 1451
8 King Edgar died 1107.  Perth recaptured from the English 1313. Battle of New Orleans - British defeat v. USA 1815.
9
10 Universal penny post instituted throughout the United Kingdom 1840.  15 miners died in explosion at Burngrange colliery , Midlothian 1947.
11 High Court of Justiciary reconstituted 1671. Naomi Mitchison, author died 1999.
12
13 Mary Slessor missionary, died 1915
14
15 Singapore surrendered to Japan 1942.
16 Act of Union ratified 1707. First Gulf War began 1991.
17 Second Battle of Falkirk- Jacobite victory over the government 1746.
18 First Scottish passenger steamboat "Comet" launched 1812
19 James Watt, engineer and inventor, born 1736. 
20 King George V died 1936
21
22 Queen Victoria died 1901. Ramsay MacDonald became first Labour prime minister 1924.
23 Earl of Moray, regent assassinated 1570.
24
25 Robert Burns, national poet born 1759.
26
27
28 Second (King's) Confession of Faith 1581 
29 King George III died 1820.  Earl Haig, general, died 1928.
30 King Charles I executed 1649
31 Charles the young pretender died 1788. 105men died in naval collision in Firth of Forth 1918. Bloody Friday riot in Glasgow 1919.
FEBRUARY
1 Muriel Spark, author, born 1918
2 CANDLEMAS TERM. Battle of Inverlochy-Royalists defeat Covenanters 1645
3
4 Lochmaben captured from the English 1385. James, the old pretender left Scotland 1716.
5 Thomas Carlyle, writer and mathematician, died 1881
6 Queen Anne born 1665. Charles II died 1685. Women granted right to vote 1918. George VI died 1952(Queen's Accession)
7 Dumfries Castle surrendered to Robert the Bruce 1313. "Bonnie" Earl of Moray murdered 1592
8 Mary I (Mary, Queen of Scots) executed 1587, on the orders of Elizabeth I of England.
9
10 Sir John Comyn stabbed by Robert Bruce 1306. Aberdeen University established 1495. Lord Darnley murdered 1567.
11
12 John Buchan, author, died 1940
13 Massacre of Glencoe- Government troops kill about 38 MacDonald of Glencoe clansmen 1692
14 Battle of St Vincent- British Navy defeats Spain 1797
15 Decimal currency introduced 1971
16 Iain Banks, author, born 1950
17
18
19
20 Orkney and Shetland annexed by Scotland 1472. 
21 James I murdered 1437. Edinburgh to Glasgow railway opened 1842
22 David II died 1371. Earl of Douglas killed by James II 1452
23 Pacification of Perth-agreement between supporters and opponents of Mary, Queen of Scots 1573
24 Battle of Rosslyn- Scots defeat English 1303
25
26 Sir Harry Lauder, entertainer, died 1950
27 Roxburgh captured fron the English 1313. Battle of Ancrum Moor- Scots defeat English 1545
28 St. Andrews University founded 1412. Treaty of Berwick between Scots lords and England 1560. National Covenant first signed 1638.
29 Patrick Hamilton, first Reformation martyr burned 1528.
MARCH
1 George Wishart, Protestant martyr burned at the stake 1546. Advocates (now National) Library opened 1682. Referendum on devolution for Scotland (32.85% of electorate voted yes, 30.78% voted no )1979.
2 Robert II born 1316. Clydesdale Bank founded 1838
3 Robert Adam, architect, died 1792. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of telephone, born 1847
4 Forth (Rail) Bridge opened 1890
5 David II born 1324. Flora MacDonald, Jacobite, died 1790
6
7 Hon. Company of Edinburgh Golfers (Scotland's oldest golf club) founded 1744.
8 William II (of Orange) died 1702. Kenneth Grahame, author, born 1859.
9 David Rizzio, secretary to Mary, Queen of Scots, murdered 1566. Publication of Adam Smith's " The Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations" 1776
10 St. John Ogilvie martyred 1617.
11 Sir Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin, died 1955.
12 Earl of Morton resigned as Regent 1578.
13 John Barbour, poet, died 1345. Scottish Football Association founded 1873. Clydebank Blitz(also 14 March)-devastation by German bombing 1941. Sixteen children and their teacher murdered by Thomas Hamilton at Dunblane 1996
14 Prince James (the future King James I) captured by the English 1406
15
16
17 Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton agreed at Edinburgh- England recognises Scottish independence 1328. James IV born 1473
18
19 David Livingston, explorer, born 1813. Alexander III died 1286.
20 Malcolm IV born 1142
21 Battle of Alexandria- British navy defeated French 1801
22
23
24 Union of the Crowns- James VI becomes King James I of England 1603
25 Last meeting of Scots Parliament 1707
26 Death in suspicious cicumstances of Duke of Rothesay, heir to Robert III (possibly March 27th) 1402
27 Robert Bruce crowned king 1306. Janes VI died 1625.
28 Berwick recaptured from English 1318. James I released from captivity 1424
29
30 Peace of Paris ending Crimean War 1856
31
APRIL
1 Introduction of poll tax (Community Charge) 1989
2 Marischal College, Aberdeen founded 1593.  Argentine invasion of Falklands 1982
3
4 Robert III died 1406. First book printed in Scotland 1508.  John Napier, inventor of logarithms, died 1617.  James VII deposed 1689
5 Skirmish at Bonnymuir- rebellious weavers put down by troops 1820.
6 Declaration of Arbroath- Letter to pope affirming independence of Scotland 1320.
7
8
9
10 James V born 1512.  Battle of Toulouse - British defeat French 1814.
11 Queen Mary of Guise,regent, died 1560.  William II and Mary II proclaimed king and queen 1689.  Treaty of Utrecht ending War of Spanish Succession 1713.
12
13 George Mackay Brown, poet and novelist, died 1996
14 Edinburgh University founded 1582
15
16 St Magnus, Earl of Orkney murdered 1115.  Battle of Culloden- final defeat of Jacobites by government 1746.
17
18
19 Robert II died 1390.
20 Scottish National Party founded 1934
21 John Muir, conservationist, born 1838.  Elizabeth "II" born 1926
22 Second Battle of Ypres began 1915 (to May22)
23 Alexander I died 1124
24
25 Enthronement of Malcolm III 1058
26 David Hume, philosopher, born 1711. 
27 Battle of Dunbar- Scots defeated by English 1296. Montose's defeat at Carbisdale 1650.
28 Walter Mylne, last Protestant martyr burned 1558.
29
30 "Cleanse the Causeway" fight in Edinburgh streets- Douglases against Hamiltons 1520. Mary II born 1662.
MAY
1 Battle of Arkinholme- defeat of Douglases 1455. Battle of Cromdale- Government defeats Jacobites 1690. Union of Scotland with England and Wales to form Great Britain 1707.  David Livingstone, explorer, died 1873
2 Mary, Queen of Scots escaped from Loch Leven 1568
3 James Sharp, Archbishop of St. Andrews murdered 1679
4 Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton ratified 1328.  Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister 1979. General strike begins 1926
5 Charles I surrendered to Scots army 1646.
6 Sir James Young Simpson, pioneer of use of chloroform, died 1870. Edward "VII" died 1910.
7 Edinburgh burned by English 1544
8 VE Day- end of Second World War in Europe 1945.
9 Sir James Barrie, author, born 1860.
10 Battle of Loudon Hill- Scots defeat English 1307.
11 David Cameron replaced Gordon Brown as Prime Minister 2010.
12 General Strike ended 1926
13 Battle of Langside- defeat of Mary, Queen of Scots by Protestant government 1568 
14 Charles II restored 1660. Appin murder 1752. St. Andrews golf club founded 1754
15 WHITSUNDAY TERM. Edwin Muir, poet,critic and translator born 1887
16 Local government reformed, abolishing old county councils 1975.
17 Relief of Mafeking by British troops 1900.
18 Disruption: Establishment of Free Church of Scotland 1843.
19 Mary, Queen of Scots fled to Carlisle 1568
20 Battle of Dunnichen or Nechtansmere- Northumbrians defeated by Picts 685
21 Marquess of Montrose executed 1650
22 Battle of Inverurie 1308. Arthur Conan Doyle, author, born 1859. Britain's worst train disaster at Quintinshill by Gretna 1915
23
24 David I died 1153 Queen Victoria born 1819
25 Duke of Albany executed 1425
26
27 Marquess of Argyll executed 1641
28 Duke of Windsor (former Edward "VIII") died 1972
29 Cardinal Beaton murdered 1546. Edinburgh castle surrendered to government 1573. Charles II born 1630
30 First Peace of Paris ending Napoleonic War 1814
31 Royal Bank of Scotland formed 1727. Battle of Jutland 1916
JUNE
1 Battle of Drumclog- Cameronians defeat government 1679
2 David II returned from exile in france 1341. Earl of Morton beheaded 1581.
3 Robert Tannahill, poet, born 1774. Neil Munro, writer, born 1863. Dunkirk evacuation ended 1940.
4
5 Referendum on membership of European Community (Scotland voted 58.4% yes 41.6% no) 1975.
6 D-Day: Allies landed in Normandy 1944.
7 Robert I (the Bruce) died 1329. Sir James Young Simpson, pioneer of use of chloroform, born 1811. Charles Rennie MacIntosh, designer, born 1868
8
9 St Columba died 597 Battle of Clitheroe- Scots defeat English 1138. Skirnish at Glenshiel 1719.
10 Forfeiture of the Earl of Douglas 1455. James, the old pretender, born 1688.
11 Battle of Saughieburn and murder of James III 1488. Mary of Lorraine, regent, died 1560. George I died 1727. First North Sea oil pumped ashore 1975.
12 Forfeiture of the Douglas family1455.
13 Anointing and crowning of Scots Kings authorised by the pope 1329 . James Clerk Maxwell, physicist, born 1831
14 Battle of Naseby: English Parliamentarians and Scots defeat king 1645. John Logie Baird, pioneer of television, died 1946.  Argentine forces in Falklands surrendered 1982.
15 Surrender of Queen Mary to rebel forces at Carberry hill 1567
16 English siege of Dunbar raised by English 1338.
17 Elgin cathedral burned by Earl of Buchan 1390
18 Charles I crowned at Edinburgh 1633. Battle of Waterloo: allies final defeat of Napoleon 1815.
19 Battle of Methven 1306. James VI born 1566. Pacification of Berwick between Charles I and covenanters 1639. J M Barrie, author, died 1937 
20 Adam Ferguson, phiosopher and early sociologist born 1723. William "IV" died, succeeded by Victoria 1837.
21 Battle of Vittoria: British defeat French 1813.  German Fleet scuttled at Scapa Flow 1919.
22 Battle of Bothwell Bridge- Cameronians defeated by government 1679
23 Battle of Plassey- Clive of India defeats Bengalis 1757
24 Battle of Bannockburn: Scots defeat English 1314. Crofters Holding Act passed , giving crofters some security of tenure 1886. 
25
26 Company of Scotland (Darien company( set up by parliament 1695. William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, scientist, born 1824. George IV died 1830
27 James VI escaped from Ruthven Castle 1583. Gordon Brown succeeded Tony Blair as Prime Minister 2007.
28 Second Treaty of Versailles (with Germany after First World War) 1919
29
30 9th Earl of Argyll beheaded 1685
JULY
1 Treaty of Greenwich with England agreeing queen Mary's marriage to Henry VIII's son 1543. Proscription against Highland dress repealed 1782. Battle of the Somme began 1916. Official opening and assumption of powers by Scottish Parliament 1999
2 Treaty of Perth-Western Isles ceded to Scotland 1266. Battle of Alford-victory of Montrose over covenanters 1645.
3 James, "The Admirable" Crichton, poet and scholar. killed 1582. Robert Adam, architect, born 1728
4
5 General post office established 1695. First cloned mammal from adult cell, Dolly the Sheep, born 1996
6 Treaty of Edinburgh between English and French troops in Scotland 1560. Explosion aboard Piper Alpha oil rig-167 people killed 1988.
7 Treaty of Haddington-queen Mary to marry the dauphin of France 1548. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author, died 1930
8 Alexander II died 1249. Sir Henry Raeburn, portrait painter, died 1822.
9
10 King John abdicated 1296
11 Robert I (the Bruce) born 1274
12 Scots fleet set sail for Darien 1698
13 William I captured by the English 1174
14
15 Second Battle of Marne began 1918
16 105 men drowned in Shetland fishing disaster 1832
17 Bank of Scotland established by Act of Parliament 1695. Adam Smith, father of economics died 1790.
18 Treaty of Birgham- Queen Margaret to marry the heir to the English throne 1290
19 Battle of Halidon Hill: Scots defeated by English 1333. A J Cronin, author, born 1896
20 Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, Guardian of Scotland died 1332. 
21 Robert Burns, national poet, died 1796
22 First Battle of Falkirk: Scots defeated by English 1298
23 Riot in St Giles, Edinburgh 1637
24 Battle of Harlaw 1411. Mary I (Mary,Queen of Scots) abdicated 1567
25 Charles Stuart landed at Loch nan Uamh 1745
26
27 Battle of Killiecrankie- Jacobites defeat government but Viscount Dundee, Jacobite leader is killed 1689
28
29 Marriage of Mary, Queen of Scots and Henry, Lord Darnley 1565
30
31 Kilmarnock Edition of Robert Burns' poems published 1786. Third Battle of Ypres began 1917 (to Nov 10)
AUGUST
1 LAMMAS TERM. Andrew Melville, prebyterian reformer, born 1545. Queen Anne died 1714. Procsription Act banning Highland dress 1747. Battle of the Nile- British fleet under Nelson defeats French 1797
2
3 William Wallace captured by the English 1305. James II killed by exploding cannon 1460
4 Sir Harry Lauder, entertainer, born 1870. Britain enters First World War, declaring war on Germany 1914
5 Battle of Otterburn- Scots victory over English 1388. Gowrie conspiracy against James VI 1600
6 Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin, born 1881
7
8 Roxburgh captured from English 1460
9 Thomas Telford, engineer, born 1757
10
11 Battle of Dalry (Tyndrum)- Robert the Bruce defeated by the Comyns 1306. Hugh MacDiarmid. Poet, born 1892
12 Battle of Dupplin Moor- Scots defeated by English 1332.
13 John Logie Baird, pioneer of television, born 1888 
14 Duncan I killed by Macbeth 1040
15 Sir Walter Scott, author, born 1771
16 (or 17th) Carolina Oliphant,Lady Nairne, poet and songwriter, born 1766
17 Confession of Faith- Protestant faith officially adopted 1560. Battle of Preston- Scots defeated by Cromwell 1648
18 Parliament Act curtails power of House of Lords 1911. Tay Road Bridge opened 1966.
19 Mary, queen of Scots returns to Scotland 1561. Charles Stuart, the Young Pretender, raised standard at Glenfinnan 1745. James Watt, engineer and inventor, died 1819
20
21 Battle of Dunkeld- Governent troops (Cameronians) defeat highland rebels 1689. William Murdock, pioneer of gas lighting, born 1754. Donald Dewar first First Minister of Scotland, born 1937
22 Battle of the Standard, Scots defeated by English 1138. Ruthven raid- James VI captured by Earl of Gowrie 1582.
23 Sir William Wallace executed 1305. Battle of Mons 1914.
24 Alexander II born 1198. Final loss of Berwick-upon-Tweed to England 1482. 
25 Sir James Douglas killed by the Moors 1330. David Hume, philosopher, died 1776.
26 John Buchan, author, born 1875
27 Five Articles of Perth 1618.
28 Battle of Newburn- Scots defeat English 1640.
29 Evacuation of St Kilda 1930
30
31
SEPTEMBER
1 Battle of Tippermuir- Montrose defeats Covenanters 1644
2 Duke of Albany, governor, died 1420. Thomas Telford, civil engineer, died 1834. End of Second World War in Far East 1945 
3 Earl of Lennox, regent, killed 1571.Second Battle of Dunbar-English defeat Scots 1650. Battle of Worcester-English defeat Scots 1651.Britain declared war on Germany 1939.
4 Alexander III born 1241. Failed attempt to free James V from Earl of Angus at Linlithgow 1526. Forth Road Bridge opened 1964.
5 Robert Ferguson, poet, born 1750. Mauricewood (near Penicuik) pit disaster-63 miners killed in fire 1889
6 Andrew Hardie and John Baird, rebel weavers, hanged 1820 
7 Porteous riots in Edinburgh 1736
8 Orkney and Shetland pledged to Scotland as part of marriage settlement of Margaret of Denmark and James III 1468
9 Battle of Flodden-English defeat Scots and James IV killed 1513. C M Grieve (Hugh MacDiarmid), poet, died 1978. 
10 Battle of Pinkie- English defeat Scots 1547. Mungo Park, explorer, born 1771. Treaty of St. Germain (with Austria after First World War) 1919 
11 Battle of Stirling Bridge- Scots defeat English 1297 
12
13 Battle of Aberdeen- Montrose defeats Covenanters 1644. Battle of Philiphaugh- Covenanters defeat Montrose 1645.
14 Battle of Homildon Hill- English defeat Scots 1402
15 Climax of Battle of Britain 1940.
16
17
18 Battle of Quebec- British defeat French 1759. George MacDonald, writer, died 1905. Independence referendum ( 55% vote no, 45% vote yes) 2014.
19
20 Battle(or "Chapter") of Myton- Scots defeat English 1319
21 Battle of Prestonpans-Jacobites defeat government 1745. Sir Walter Scott died 1832
22
23 St Adomnan (of Iona) died 704
24
25 Solemn League and Covenant between Scotland and English Parliament 1643
26
27 Scotland's first passenger railway- Glasgow Townhead to Garnkirk- opened 1837
28 Battle of the Clans between Clan Chattan(MacIntosh) and Clan Kay(MacKay) at North Inch, Perth 1396
29 Munich agreement between Britain and Germany 1938
30
OCTOBER
1
2 Battle of Largs- Scots repel Norwegians 1263. William Ramsay, chemist born 1852. Reunion of Church of Scotland 1929
3 Treaty of Berwick securing the release of David II from England 1357. Battle of Glenlivet between rebellious Earl of Huntly and loyal Earl of Argyll 1594
4 John Rennie, engineer, died 1821
5
6
7
8
9
10 Hugh Miller, writer and geologist, born 1802
11 Battle of Camperdown- British navy led by Adam Duncan defeats Dutch 1797. Donald Dewar, first First Minister of Scotland, died 2000.
12 First Battle of Ypres began (ended Nov 22)1914 
13
14 Battle of Byland- Scots defeat English 1322. James VII born 1633. Eyemouth fishing disaster -129 killed 1881. HMS Royal Oak torpedoed in Scapa Flow-833 killed 1939.
15 Alan Ramsay,poet, born 1686. Marie Stopes, birth control pioneer, born 1880
16 James II born1430 Robert Fergoson, poet died 1774. Skye Bridge opened 1995
17 Battle of Neville's Cross-English defeat Scots and capture David II 1346. Surrender at Saratoga of Brish troops to Americans 1777 George Mackay Brown, poet and novelist, born 1921
18
19 Surrender of British troops to Americans at Yorktown 1781. Earl of Home becomes Prime Minister 1963
20
21 Battle of Trafalgar- British fleet under Nelson defeats French and Spanish 1805
22 Blantyre Pit Explosion- 207men killed 1877.
23 The "Auld Alliance" treaty between France and Scotland agreed in Paris 1295. Official opening of Caledonian Canal 1822. Battle of Second Alamein commenced (to Nov 3) 1942
24
25 George II died 1760. Battle of Balaclava against Russians- includes Charge of the Light Brigade-1854 
26 Treaty of Ripon ending Second Bishops War 1640. Caroline Oliphant, Lady Nairne, poet, died 1845
27
28 Battle of Corrichie- rebel Earl of Huntly defeated 1562.
29 James Boswell, biographer, born 1749
30 Remonstrance by exteme Protestants presented to parliament 1650
31
NOVEMBER
1 Naomi Mitchison, author, born 1897
2
3 Scots took possession of Darien 1698
4 William II (William III of Orange ) born 1650
5 Gunpowder plot to blow up James VI and English parliament 1605. James Clerk Maxwell, physicist, died 1879 British and French troops land in Egypt (Suez crisis) 1956
6
7 Eric Linklater, writer, died 1974
8 John Duns Scotus, philosopher, died 1308. Neil Gunn, author, born 1891
9 Ramsay MacDonald, first Labour Prime Minister, died 1937
10 H Stanley found Dr David Livingstone ( "I presume") 1871
11 MARTINMAS TERM. Armistice Day-end of First World War 1918.
12 Duncan II killed 1094
13 Malcolm III killed at battle of Alnwick 1093. Battle of Sherrifmuir- Government defeats Jacobites 1715. Robert Louis Stevenson, writer, born 1850
14 Jacobite surrender at Preston 1715. Norman McCaig, poet, born 1910. Hector Hugh Munro (Saki), writer, died 1916. Charles, Prince of Wales, born 1948
15 Great Fire of Edinburgh broke out (extinguished 18th) 1824
16 St Margaret, wife of Malcolm III died 1093
17 John Balliol proclaimed king 1292
18 Battle of the Somme ended 1916
19 Charles I born 1600
20 Second Peace of Paris with France following Battle of Waterloo 1815
21 James Hogg, "The Ettrick Shepherd", died 1835
22
23
24 "Black dinner" -killing of 6th Earl of Douglas (possibly 28th) 1640. Rout of Solway Moss - English defeat Scots 1542. John Knox, church reformer, died 1572
25 Malcolm II died 1034. Andrew Carnegie, philanthropist, born 1835
26 John Macadam, inventor of tarmac, died 1836
27
28 Battle of Rullion Green, presbyterian rebels defeated by government 1666
29
30 ST. ANDREW'S DAY Battle of Kilblain- supporters of David II defeat Edward Baliol's party 1335
DECEMBER
1
2 Mary Slessor, missionary, born 1848
3 Robert Louis Stevenson, writer, died 1894
4 William I died 1214. Treaty of London, agreeing James I's release from captivity 1423. Thomas Carlyle, writer and mathematician, born 1795
5 Quitclaim of Canterbury- Scotland's independence restored 1189
6
7
8 Treaty of Falaise- Scotland becomes subject to England 1174. Birth of Mary I, Queen of Scots 1542. Japan attacks British colonies 1941.
9 Malcolm IV died 1165
10 George MacDonald, writer, born 1824 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, designer, died 1928
11 Edward "VIII" abdicated 1936
12
13
14 James V died 1542. Glasgow underground railway opened 1896.
15
16 Thomas Blake Glover, founding father of Japan's economic miracle, died 1911
17 William Thomson,Lord Kelvin, scientist, died 1907
18 Hector Hugh Munro ("Saki"), writer, born 1870
19
20 First General Assembly met 1560
21 Terrorist bomb exploded in plane over Lockerbie killing 270 people 1988.
22 James, the old pretender landed in Scotland 1715. Neil Munro, writer,died 1930
23
24 Hugh Miller, writer and geologist died 1856. John Muir, conservationist,died 1914
25
26
27 The Engagement with Charles I 1647.
28 Mary II died 1694. Tay Bridge disaster 1879. 
29
30 A fire broke out in the cruiser Natal in Cromarty Harbour, leading to an explosion and 421 deaths 1915.
31 Charles, the young pretender, born 1720. Panic in Glen Cinema, Paisley due to smoke results in 70 deaths in crush 1929
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